been strong, especially in the inter-war years. Retrieved 25 November 2006. More recent migrations has added even more languages. 58 Icelandic remained the preferred language among the ruling classes in Iceland. Marine Geology Branch, Polish Geological Institute, Retrieved Battaglia, Steven. In addition to the mainland Scandinavian countries of: The Nordic countries also consist of: Whereas the term "Scandinavia" is relatively straightforward as traditionally relating to the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden there exists some ambiguity. Furthermore, the term Fennoscandia refers to Scandinavia, Finland and Karelia, excluding Denmark and overseas territories, but the usage of this term is restricted to geology when speaking of the Fennoscandian Shield (Baltic Shield). Sweden and Norway were thus united under the Swedish monarch, but Finland's inclusion in the Russian Empire excluded any possibility for a political union between Finland and any of the other Nordic countries. 6 Scandinavia can thus be considered a subset of the Nordic countries.
Anderson, Carl Edlund in (1999). In recent substrate studies, Sami linguists have examined the initial cluster sk- in words used in Sami and concluded that sk- is a phonotactic structure of alien origin. Scandinavian Tourist Boards in North America, Globescope Internet Services, Inc. That influence came from not just proximity but also that Denmark and later Denmark-Norway ruling over the German speaking region of Holstein, and in Sweden with its close trade with the Hanseatic League. Archived from the original on Retrieved b Landes, David. Retrieved Pliny the Elder. 152 Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015 "Definition of Scandinavia in English". Irma Hyvärinen / Petri Kallio / Jarmo Korhonen, Helsinki,. Øystein Sørensen and Bo Stråth (eds.
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The end of the Scandinavian political movement came when Denmark was denied the military support promised from Sweden and Norway to annex the (Danish) Duchy of Schleswig, which together with the (German) Duchy of Holstein had been in personal union with Denmark. Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia. "Scandia" thus does not appear to be denoting the island Scadinavia in Pliny's text. This war resulted in Finland (formerly the eastern third of Sweden) becoming the Russian Grand Duchy of Finland in 1809 and Norway ( de jure in union with Denmark since 1387, although de facto treated as a province) becoming independent. Scandinavia extends north of the Arctic Circle, but has relatively mild weather for its latitude due to the Gulf Stream. The Second war of Schleswig followed in 1864, a brief but disastrous war between Denmark and Prussia (supported by Austria).
Iben Stampe Sletten; Nordisk Ministerråd (2005). 7 The popular usage of the term in Sweden, Denmark and Norway as a unifying concept became established in the nineteenth century through poems such as Hans Christian Andersen 's "I am a Scandinavian" of 1839. 6 Scandinavia originally referred vaguely to Scania, a formerly Danish region that became Swedish in the 17th century. Pliny begins his description of the route to Scatinavia by referring to the mountain of Saevo ( mons Saevo ibi the Codanus Bay ( Codanus sinus ) and the Cimbrian promontory. Retrieved 9 November 2007. Retrieved Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden and the Faroe Islands, Greenland and Åland work together in the official Nordic co-operation. "Southern Perspectives on the North: Legends, Stereotypes, Images and Models" Archived t the Wayback Machine.
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In the reconstructed Germanic root * Skain-awj (the edh represented in Latin by t or d the first segment is sometimes considered more uncertain than the second segment. 44 Geography edit See also: Geography of Denmark, Geography of Finland, Geography of Iceland, Geography of Norway, and Geography of Sweden The geography of Scandinavia is extremely varied. After a visit to Sweden, Andersen became a supporter of early political Scandinavism. "How the Baltic Sea was changing" Archived 12 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine. According to some of these intellects, Scandinavian people share particular genetic markers with the Basque people. The idea that " Scadinavia " may have been one of the " Scandiae " islands was instead introduced by Ptolemy (c. North Germanic languages edit Main article: North Germanic languages Continental Scandinavian languages: Danish Norwegian Swedish Insular Scandinavian languages: Faroese Icelandic The North Germanic languages of Scandinavia are traditionally divided into an East Scandinavian branch ( Danish and Swedish. The Norwegian parliament Storting elected king Charles xiii of Sweden as king of Norway on 4 November. Despite many wars over the years since the formation of the three kingdoms, Scandinavia has been politically and culturally close. 9 Some sources argue for the inclusion of the Faroe Islands, Finland and Iceland, a though that broader region is usually dubious discuss known by the countries concerned as Norden ( Finnish : Pohjoismaat, Icelandic : Norurlöndin, Faroese : Norurlond or the Nordic countries. Finnish-speakers had to learn Swedish in order to advance to higher positions. 14: "On the basis of Scandinavian loanwords it can be inferred that both sk- and - were adopted in the west during the early separate development of the Saami languages, but never spread to Kola Saami. Retrieved 2 February 2007. 5 6, while part of the Nordic countries, the remote Norwegian islands. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International Jónsson, Jóhannes Gísli and Thórhallur Eythórsson (2004). The Rough Guide to Scandinavia. Retrieved Oskar Bandle (2002). Retrieved "Definition of Scandinavia in English". Nordic Council official site for co-operation in the Nordic region Nordregio site established by the Nordic Council of Ministers vifanord a digital library that provides scientific information on the Nordic and Baltic countries as well as the Baltic region as a whole. Scholar John McKinnell comments that this etymology suggests that the goddess Skai may have once been a personification of the geographical region of Scandinavia or associated with the underworld. Norway's government entered one year later. Retrieved 5 September 2008. Retrieved Scandinavia: Denmark, Norway, Swedensometimes also considered to include Iceland, the Faeroe Islands, Finland. 25 The second segment of the name has been reconstructed as * awj, meaning "land on the water" or "island". Book IV, chapter xxxix. Almqvist Wiksell/Harrassowitz, 1963,. Danish was not used for official communications, most of the royal officials were of Icelandic descent and the language of the church and law courts remained Icelandic. The Swedish-speakers live mainly on the coastline starting from approximately the city of Porvoo (in the Gulf of Finland) up to the city of Kokkola (in the Bay of Bothnia). 39 Sami etymology edit The earliest Sami yoik texts written down refer to the world as Skadesi-suolo (north Sami) and Skasuâl (east Sami meaning " Skai 's island".